Reproductive Rights

1. AbortionPositive pregnancy test

If you are pregnant, you have the right to an abortion up until the time the fetus becomes viable*, and the government may not place significant** restrictions on your ability to do so.1U.S. Constitution, 14th amendment (due process clause); Roe v Wade (1973); Planned Parenthood v Casey (1992)

*A fetus is legally considered viable when it is able to survive outside the womb, although this may require artificial aid; usually this means in the third trimester (or after 6 months).

**Just how significantly a particular law restricts the right to an abortion is one of the main issues people argue over, and various courts have differing views on this. For example, if a law requires a woman to wait 24 hours before having the procedure, is this a significant restriction on her right to an abortion? Currently, the answer is no, it’s not a significant restriction.2Planned Parenthood v Casey (1992)

Specific abortion laws vary widely by state. See your state’s abortion laws via the Guttmacher Institute.

2. Contraception

Health insurance must generally cover contraceptives for women, although employers with religious objections are exempt.

The government may not ban the use of contraceptives.3Griswold v CT

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